Global Focus | COP15 adopts Kunming Declaration and Xi calls for new journey of green development

2021-10-13 17:18:26 source: CGTN, Xinhua, etc.


Editor's Notes: President Xi Jinping calls on international solidarity and cooperation to build a community of all life on Earth, launches $233m biodiversity fund at COP15. Let's see the detail of the keynote speech. Nations should not have double standards in international law and Taiwan is ineligible to join the UN. Let's take a look at today's Global Focus.


1. Xi Jinping unveils new measures at COP15 to strive for a beautiful China


The Kunming Declaration was adopted on Wednesday, Oct 13 at the first part of the 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (COP15).


Chinese President Xi Jinping on Tuesday unveiled an array of measures to continue the country's endeavor to build a beautiful China as COP15.


Themed "Ecological Civilization: Building a Shared Future for All Life on Earth," COP15 is the first global conference convened by the United Nations highlighting ecological civilization, a philosophy proposed by China. 


Biodiversity fund, national parks, and plans to achieve carbon goals 


China will take the lead by investing 1.5 billion yuan (about $233 million) to establish the Kunming Biodiversity Fund. 

Xi made the announcement while addressing the leaders' summit of the COP15 via video link in Beijing. 


Harmonious coexistence between Man and Nature 


Man and Nature need to coexist in harmony, Xi said in his speech, stressing that "When we take care to protect Nature, Nature rewards us generously; when we exploit Nature ruthlessly, it punishes us without mercy." 


Xi calls for joint efforts for humanity's high-quality development 


Xi called on countries around the world to join hands and start a new journey of high-quality development of humanity. 


2. Chinese Foreign Ministry: Taiwan ineligible to join UN


Taiwan as a province of China is ineligible for the United Nations (UN) membership, the Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian said on Tuesday, Oct 12.


Zhao made the remarks when answering a media query after some politicians in Taiwan challenged the UN General Assembly Resolution 2758, claiming that the resolution didn't decide the representation of the island at the UN.


Zhao slammed this claim as "utterly unjustifiable," adding that the UN and its vast member states recognize the fact that there is only one China in the world and Taiwan is an inalienable part of the Chinese territory, and they fully respect China's exercise of sovereignty over Taiwan.


3. Geng Shuang: “Rule-based international order” is a violation of the spirit of the rule of law


On October 12, the Legal Committee of the 76th Session of the UN General Assembly held a general debate on the topic of “domestic and international rule of law”.


Geng Shuang, the Deputy Permanent Representative of China to the United Nations, emphasized in his speech that a few countries avoid talking about international law and advocate a “rules-based international order”. The essence of this is a violation of the spirit of the rule of law. It is not multilateralism and democratic justice, but unilateralism and power politics.


Geng said “China has always advocated the democratization and rule of law in international relations, and calls on all countries to abide by the purposes and principles of the U.N. Charter.


4. China to formally establish its first national parks


China on Tuesday, Oct 12 announced it would formally establish its first batch of national parks.


Sanjiangyuan National Park, Wuyi Mountain National Park, Giant Panda National Park, Northeast China Tiger and Leopard National Park and Hainan Tropical Rainforest National Park are among the parks on the list. The protected land area is 230,000 square kilometers and they cover nearly 30 percent of the key terrestrial wildlife species found in China.


5. Global digital trade conference kicks off in China's Hubei


The 2021 Global Digital Trade Conference kicked off on Tuesday, Oct 12 in Wuhan, the capital of central China's Hubei Province, according to local authorities.


The event has attracted diplomatic envoys and representatives of business associations from approximately 100 countries, as well as over 10,000 merchants, experts, and scholars.


At the opening ceremony, 15 well-known enterprises and institutions from across the country signed a proposal to support the construction of a national trade logistics center in Wuhan.


6. Chinese FM makes four-point proposal to tackle Afghan issues


The Group of 20 (G20) should leverage its characteristics and strengths to contribute to the peace, stability and prosperity of Afghanistan and the region, Chinese President Xi Jinping's special representative Wang Yi, also Chinese state councilor and foreign minister, said on Tuesday.


Wang made a four-point proposal on tackling pressing issues on Afghanistan, including the humanitarian crisis and terrorism, at an extraordinary G20 leaders' summit on the crisis in the country.


First, Wang called on the international community to focus on people's livelihoods with humanitarian support to help the Afghans overcome difficulties such as food shortcomings, the COVID-19 pandemic, and lack of medical supplies.


China has announced it will provide Afghanistan with 200 million yuan in emergency assistance for mostly food, materials for winter, medicines, and COVID-19 vaccines. 


Second, Afghanistan should stay committed to an open, inclusive path of development, Wang said, suggesting the international community engage with the Afghan side in a rational and pragmatic manner and support the country to establish an inclusive political structure and sound domestic and foreign policies.


Third, the Chinese foreign minister reiterated its zero-tolerance attitude towards terrorism. He called for concrete actions to ensure Afghanistan stayed away from terrorism and proposed a united front for the international community to counterterrorism.


Fourth, the international community should reach consensuses and work jointly to push forward the establishment of relevant mechanisms of Afghanistan, Wang pointed out, adding that he recognized the UN's central role in providing humanitarian assistance and maintaining peace and stability in Afghanistan.


7. U.S. House passes bill to hike debt ceiling, avert default


The Democratic-controlled U.S. House of Representatives gave final approval on Tuesday, Oct 12 to a Senate-passed bill temporarily raising the government's borrowing limit to $28.9 trillion, putting off the risk of default at least until early December.


Democrats, who narrowly control the House, maintained party discipline to pass the hard-fought, $480-billion debt limit increase by 219-206. The vote was along party lines, with every yes from Democrats and every no from Republicans.


U.S. President Joe Biden is expected to sign the measure into law this week, before October 18, when the Treasury Department has estimated it would no longer be able to pay the nation's debts without congressional action.


8. IMF revises down 2021 global economy forecast to 5.9 pct amid Delta surge


The International Monetary Fund (IMF) on Tuesday, Oct 12 projected that the global economy would grow by 5.9 percent in 2021, down by 0.1 percentage point from July's forecast, according to the latest World Economic Outlook (WEO).


The report showed that advanced economies are on track to grow by 5.2 percent this year, down by 0.4 percentage points from July's forecast. The United States and the euro area are projected to see economic growth of 6.0 percent and 5.0 percent respectively.


Emerging market and developing economies are projected to grow by 6.4 percent in 2021, up by 0.1 percentage points from July's forecast. The Chinese economy is expected to grow by 8.0 percent this year.


"The global recovery continues but momentum has weakened, hobbled by the pandemic," IMF Chief Economist Gita Gopinath told a virtual press briefing during the annual meetings of the IMF and the World Bank Group.


9. G20 meeting on trade ends with a strong commitment to multilateralism, WTO


Italy's foreign minister Luigi Di Maio on Tuesday, Oct 12 called on ministers from the Group of 20 (G20) to reinforce the global trade system through the World Trade Organization (WTO).


Speaking at the G20 Trade and Investment Ministerial Meeting in the southern Italian city of Sorrento, Di Maio called the multilateral trading system "a source of global stability" that has helped reduce the impacts of the coronavirus pandemic.


"The commitment to 'build back better for a sustainable, inclusive and resilient economic recovery goes hand in hand with the need to strengthen the multilateral trading system with the WTO at its center," he said.


10. Japan's PM says will continue the dialogue, cooperation with China


Japan will continue its dialogue and cooperation with China on various common issues, Japan's Prime Minister Fumio Kishida said on Tuesday, Oct 12.

A constructive and stable relationship with China is important for both countries and the international community, Kishida said at a plenary session of the House of Representatives.


Editor: Jin Weiduo

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23215317 Global Focus | COP15 adopts Kunming Declaration and Xi calls for new journey of green development public html

Editor's Notes: President Xi Jinping calls on international solidarity and cooperation to build a community of all life on Earth, launches $233m biodiversity fund at COP15. Let's see the detail of the keynote speech. Nations should not have double standards in international law and Taiwan is ineligible to join the UN. Let's take a look at today's Global Focus.


1. Xi Jinping unveils new measures at COP15 to strive for a beautiful China


The Kunming Declaration was adopted on Wednesday, Oct 13 at the first part of the 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (COP15).


Chinese President Xi Jinping on Tuesday unveiled an array of measures to continue the country's endeavor to build a beautiful China as COP15.


Themed "Ecological Civilization: Building a Shared Future for All Life on Earth," COP15 is the first global conference convened by the United Nations highlighting ecological civilization, a philosophy proposed by China. 


Biodiversity fund, national parks, and plans to achieve carbon goals 


China will take the lead by investing 1.5 billion yuan (about $233 million) to establish the Kunming Biodiversity Fund. 

Xi made the announcement while addressing the leaders' summit of the COP15 via video link in Beijing. 


Harmonious coexistence between Man and Nature 


Man and Nature need to coexist in harmony, Xi said in his speech, stressing that "When we take care to protect Nature, Nature rewards us generously; when we exploit Nature ruthlessly, it punishes us without mercy." 


Xi calls for joint efforts for humanity's high-quality development 


Xi called on countries around the world to join hands and start a new journey of high-quality development of humanity. 


2. Chinese Foreign Ministry: Taiwan ineligible to join UN


Taiwan as a province of China is ineligible for the United Nations (UN) membership, the Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian said on Tuesday, Oct 12.


Zhao made the remarks when answering a media query after some politicians in Taiwan challenged the UN General Assembly Resolution 2758, claiming that the resolution didn't decide the representation of the island at the UN.


Zhao slammed this claim as "utterly unjustifiable," adding that the UN and its vast member states recognize the fact that there is only one China in the world and Taiwan is an inalienable part of the Chinese territory, and they fully respect China's exercise of sovereignty over Taiwan.


3. Geng Shuang: “Rule-based international order” is a violation of the spirit of the rule of law


On October 12, the Legal Committee of the 76th Session of the UN General Assembly held a general debate on the topic of “domestic and international rule of law”.


Geng Shuang, the Deputy Permanent Representative of China to the United Nations, emphasized in his speech that a few countries avoid talking about international law and advocate a “rules-based international order”. The essence of this is a violation of the spirit of the rule of law. It is not multilateralism and democratic justice, but unilateralism and power politics.


Geng said “China has always advocated the democratization and rule of law in international relations, and calls on all countries to abide by the purposes and principles of the U.N. Charter.


4. China to formally establish its first national parks


China on Tuesday, Oct 12 announced it would formally establish its first batch of national parks.


Sanjiangyuan National Park, Wuyi Mountain National Park, Giant Panda National Park, Northeast China Tiger and Leopard National Park and Hainan Tropical Rainforest National Park are among the parks on the list. The protected land area is 230,000 square kilometers and they cover nearly 30 percent of the key terrestrial wildlife species found in China.


5. Global digital trade conference kicks off in China's Hubei


The 2021 Global Digital Trade Conference kicked off on Tuesday, Oct 12 in Wuhan, the capital of central China's Hubei Province, according to local authorities.


The event has attracted diplomatic envoys and representatives of business associations from approximately 100 countries, as well as over 10,000 merchants, experts, and scholars.


At the opening ceremony, 15 well-known enterprises and institutions from across the country signed a proposal to support the construction of a national trade logistics center in Wuhan.


6. Chinese FM makes four-point proposal to tackle Afghan issues


The Group of 20 (G20) should leverage its characteristics and strengths to contribute to the peace, stability and prosperity of Afghanistan and the region, Chinese President Xi Jinping's special representative Wang Yi, also Chinese state councilor and foreign minister, said on Tuesday.


Wang made a four-point proposal on tackling pressing issues on Afghanistan, including the humanitarian crisis and terrorism, at an extraordinary G20 leaders' summit on the crisis in the country.


First, Wang called on the international community to focus on people's livelihoods with humanitarian support to help the Afghans overcome difficulties such as food shortcomings, the COVID-19 pandemic, and lack of medical supplies.


China has announced it will provide Afghanistan with 200 million yuan in emergency assistance for mostly food, materials for winter, medicines, and COVID-19 vaccines. 


Second, Afghanistan should stay committed to an open, inclusive path of development, Wang said, suggesting the international community engage with the Afghan side in a rational and pragmatic manner and support the country to establish an inclusive political structure and sound domestic and foreign policies.


Third, the Chinese foreign minister reiterated its zero-tolerance attitude towards terrorism. He called for concrete actions to ensure Afghanistan stayed away from terrorism and proposed a united front for the international community to counterterrorism.


Fourth, the international community should reach consensuses and work jointly to push forward the establishment of relevant mechanisms of Afghanistan, Wang pointed out, adding that he recognized the UN's central role in providing humanitarian assistance and maintaining peace and stability in Afghanistan.


7. U.S. House passes bill to hike debt ceiling, avert default


The Democratic-controlled U.S. House of Representatives gave final approval on Tuesday, Oct 12 to a Senate-passed bill temporarily raising the government's borrowing limit to $28.9 trillion, putting off the risk of default at least until early December.


Democrats, who narrowly control the House, maintained party discipline to pass the hard-fought, $480-billion debt limit increase by 219-206. The vote was along party lines, with every yes from Democrats and every no from Republicans.


U.S. President Joe Biden is expected to sign the measure into law this week, before October 18, when the Treasury Department has estimated it would no longer be able to pay the nation's debts without congressional action.


8. IMF revises down 2021 global economy forecast to 5.9 pct amid Delta surge


The International Monetary Fund (IMF) on Tuesday, Oct 12 projected that the global economy would grow by 5.9 percent in 2021, down by 0.1 percentage point from July's forecast, according to the latest World Economic Outlook (WEO).


The report showed that advanced economies are on track to grow by 5.2 percent this year, down by 0.4 percentage points from July's forecast. The United States and the euro area are projected to see economic growth of 6.0 percent and 5.0 percent respectively.


Emerging market and developing economies are projected to grow by 6.4 percent in 2021, up by 0.1 percentage points from July's forecast. The Chinese economy is expected to grow by 8.0 percent this year.


"The global recovery continues but momentum has weakened, hobbled by the pandemic," IMF Chief Economist Gita Gopinath told a virtual press briefing during the annual meetings of the IMF and the World Bank Group.


9. G20 meeting on trade ends with a strong commitment to multilateralism, WTO


Italy's foreign minister Luigi Di Maio on Tuesday, Oct 12 called on ministers from the Group of 20 (G20) to reinforce the global trade system through the World Trade Organization (WTO).


Speaking at the G20 Trade and Investment Ministerial Meeting in the southern Italian city of Sorrento, Di Maio called the multilateral trading system "a source of global stability" that has helped reduce the impacts of the coronavirus pandemic.


"The commitment to 'build back better for a sustainable, inclusive and resilient economic recovery goes hand in hand with the need to strengthen the multilateral trading system with the WTO at its center," he said.


10. Japan's PM says will continue the dialogue, cooperation with China


Japan will continue its dialogue and cooperation with China on various common issues, Japan's Prime Minister Fumio Kishida said on Tuesday, Oct 12.

A constructive and stable relationship with China is important for both countries and the international community, Kishida said at a plenary session of the House of Representatives.


Editor: Jin Weiduo

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