Professor’s Research on General Wei Wen 探寻卫温远航台湾的脚步

2019-05-13 12:05:15 source: 《文化交流》:史春波


潘国平不停地咳嗽,他体重不足40公斤,高高瘦瘦,像一根竹子。这位知名的浙江台州籍国际法教授生了重病,左肺丧失供氧功能,有时候呼吸也困难。但他还是赶到了首发式现场。


北京。不久前,潘国平发起了一场卫温首航台湾1789周年纪念邮折首发式。来参加的有军界、政界、学界、法律界等方面的专家学者。潘国平把他们请来,一起探讨的是三国时期(220年-280年)卫温将军远航台湾的两岸往事,以及这一历史事件在史学、政治学、法学上的价值和现实意义。


这件事,瘦弱的潘国平已经做了整整十年。


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现在,潘国平的身份是:西南政法大学国际法教授、博士生导师,浙江省东吴卫温船队远航台湾基金会理事长。首发式上,一张小小的邮折,印着一座章安古桥,默默诉说的正是三国时期卫温船队远航台湾的历史。静默的,又是沸腾的。1789周年前,东吴将军卫温就是在台州章安港率队出海,登上“夷洲”(今台湾),并在当地经营开发,促成了较大规模的文明交融与人员往来,这也是中国正史上大陆与台湾通航的最早记录。


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潘国平动情地讲述了10年来推动卫温首航台湾这一研究的过程,他呼吁更多的力量来参与推进,尤其是加强该历史事件的考古挖掘,以提供更多的史料、文物支撑。


“卫温事件展现了两岸关系的悠久历史,目前正在挖掘的遗址、文物,都是见证自古以来两岸关系的铁证。”研究国际战略的教授刘建飞这样说,“卫温事件的挖掘研究、宣传普及,有助于树立正确的台湾史观,对推进两岸关系发展有着重要意义。”


潘国平自己也没有想到,会和一个叫卫温的古人产生关系。


潘国平和卫温,一个是国际法泰斗邵津教授的得意门生,北京大学的博士,做过律师,年轻有为;另一个是700多年前三国时代的东吴大将,史籍上也记载不多。无论时空如何交错,他们的命运也不会有任何交集。


但是,潘国平是台州人,台州和台湾两个一字之差的地方,虽然读音不同,但潘国平经常会听说两地之间的不少渊源关系。比如台湾有好几万台州大陈人,有好多个大陈村。




10年前,潘国平认识了卫温。那时,他在研究台湾的原始主权问题,查阅到《三国志·吴书》时,发现了家乡的一段历史。

据《三国志·吴书》记载,黄龙二年春正月,吴王孙权遣将军卫温、诸葛直率甲士万余浮海求夷洲,但得数千夷洲人还。据考证,出发地就是台州椒江的章安。这让他觉得兴奋和好奇。潘国平马上从北京赶回台州,拜访了他的老乡,台州市政协原副主席、台州学院历史系教授叶哲明——卫温浮海夷洲研究的最权威专家。从此,潘国平和台湾、他和卫温发生了不解之缘。


对于潘国平来说,这是奔波的10年。2009年底,潘国平发起了“台(州)台(湾)”海上直航发展战略研讨会。3年后,在台州成立卫温船队远航台湾研究会。2013年2月24日,潘国平提出要把卫温远航台湾申报世界遗产,并在北京大学举办了研讨会。随后,他又在台北组织海峡两岸纪念卫温远航的研讨会,加强了两岸的联系。2016年5月19日,在杭州,经浙江省民政厅批准,浙江省东吴卫温船队远航台湾基金会成立,潘国平担任理事长。他向台州市椒江区政府争取了100万元经费支持,自己也拿出了100万元。


除了各种研讨会,潘国平开始寻访各种遗迹,他觉得最难的是考古上的支撑。这一切都是自费的。他最远到过马六甲海峡,去了东京的博物馆和琉球博物馆,去了台湾的博物馆,希望能找到一些考古上的证据。但这太难了,毕竟距今1700多年了。他的朋友王键教授是近代史研究员,在首发式上,王键说,以后我也给你多留意。也有人劝他不要做了,这样大的事靠一个人没法做,还是好好在学校里教书吧。但潘国平依然坚持着。这么多年来,这成了他的使命,或者说成了他生命的一部分。



这几年来,在潘国平的倡议和推动下,卫温首航台湾已成为台州一张耀眼的“金名片”。


近日,台州市台办与发改委联合出台《关于进一步深化台州与台湾经济文化交流合作的若干措施》,其中第38条,“支持两岸共同推进卫温船队远航台湾史料和历史遗迹的研究开发,积极开展相关主题纪念活动和各种文艺形式的宣传。”


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在潘国平的推动下,浙江和台州各级政府做了很多工作。比如台州连续10多次开展纪念活动,成立卫温船队远航台湾研究会及研究所,对该事件持续性深入的挖掘、研究,同时也将在章安建立卫温主题公园。


现在,潘国平最大的梦想是,能把卫温船队远航台湾的故事早日拍成电影。“通过电影,可以让更多的人特别是年轻人了解这段历史。向世界宣示:台湾自古属于中国!”

潘国平透露,这部电影,目前已在国家电影局备案、立项,并获得了批复。北京电影学院青年电影制片厂、北京大学影视戏剧研究中心等多家业内权威机构确认参与合作。

剧本,演员都已经有了准备,投资要一亿五千万元,这笔巨资,潘国平已经筹集了一部分,但还有很大的困难。


“我相信能够完成。”他这样说。






Professor’s Research on General Wei Wen


The 53-year-old Pan Guoping, a professor of international law with Southwest University of Political Science & Law, has been engaged over the past ten years in the studies of General Wei Wen and his voyage to reach Taiwan 1789 years ago. His latest effort was an event in Beijing on February 24, 2019 to issue a postal stamp in commemoration of the general’s voyage to Yizhou (present-day Taiwan) in 230 DC. The general stayed in Taiwan for about a year. This historical voyage and stay is widely recognized as China’s sovereignty over Taiwan.  

 

At the invitation of Professor Pan, government officials, military officers, scholars attended the event, exploring the practical significance and relevance of the historical event in history, politics and jurisprudence. Many of them are friends and acquaintances. They were surprised to see the professor so thin. He was very sick. He weighed no more than 40 kilograms. He coughed badly as his left lung had stopped functioning properly. And they were touched by Pan’s total dedication to the undertaking. His friends said they would join him in his cause.

 

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At the event, Pan talked about his ten-year undertaking and called for more efforts to promote the study.


Pan hadn’t expected that his life would have been so intimately involved with General Wei Wen of the Eastern Wu during the Three Kingdoms period in China’s history.


The only connection between them is Taizhou. Pan Guoping is a native of Taizhou. General Wei’s fleet left Taizhou for Taiwan 1,789 years ago. Pan was fascinated by the historical sailing’s departure point ten years ago when he was reading about the general in the Book of Wu in the Records of the Three Kingdoms written by Chen Shou (233-297). Back then, the professor was engaged in a research project about China’s sovereignty over Taiwan. As soon as he learned about the expedition in 230AD, he went back to Taizhou and visited Professor Ye Zheming, an expert on General Wei Wen’s journey to Yizhou, at the History Department of Taizhou College. This visit started his own voyage following General Wei Wen.

 

In the second half of 2009, Pan Guoping set up a research organization with a focus on General Wei’s direct sailing between Taizhou and Taiwan. Three years later, the Research Institute for Studies of Wei Wen Fleet’s Voyage to Taiwan was founded in Taizhou. On February 24, 2013, he proposed that the historical sailing apply for a world heritage status and held a forum at Peking University to explore the feasibilities of this proposal. Then he held a forum in Taipei in commemoration of General Wei’s voyage across the Taiwan Strait.

 

On May 19, 2016, a foundation was set up in Hangzhou with the approval of the provincial government of Zhejiang. Pan is the president of the foundation, which functions with one million yuan from the government of Jiaojing District of Taizhou and one million out of his own pocket.

 

Professor Pan Guoping thinks the most difficult part of his studies is that archaeological finds are hardly available for detailed information on this voyage. After all, it occurred more than 1700 years ago. In search of historical clues, he has visited museums in Japan and Taiwan. He has visited the Strait of Malacca. He got little, he revealed at the event in February 2019. His friends promised to pay attention when anything in this field may pop up in this field.

 

The next big thing Pan Guoping wishes to accomplish is to produce a feature film on General Wei’s voyage. The film has been filed with the national filmmaking authorities and has been approved. A number of filmmakers have confirmed their participation in the project. The script and selection of actors have been underway. He aims to raise 150 million yuan for the film project. He has raised some, but there are a lot to do. “I believe this can be done,” says the professor.




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